La Folia geographical birth in Western Europe

appearing in chronological order with hyperlinks

Western Europe can be considered as the historical center of gravity of the birth and rise of the later Folia theme. Here is an overview of the places where the Folia emerged, in chronological order of appearance. The coordinates are not absolute because even in the 17th century lots of composers travelled all over Europe: Spanish Caspar Sanz studied in Rome (Italy), his landsman Santiago de Murcia went to Naples, Italian Nicola Matteis performed the Folia as a virtuoso in England and Farinel(li) (or Faronel) left his trail in Italy and Germany before his Folia was published in London, England. Most composers studied or were influenced by members of their own gild and they travelled to different courts. This mobility of composers and performers undoubtedly has contributed to the fame of the Folia-theme all over Western Europe. An example of these influences is the composer Santiago de Murcia who studied with the guitarist Francisco Guerau in Spain. In 1702 he presumably went to Naples with King Philip V where he would have met Arcangelo Corelli and Alessandro Scarlatti to name some other Folia-founding-fathers. And how about Bernardo Pasquini the Italian keyboard composer and the only one as far as I know who composed three different sets of Folias whose manuscrips were found in England, Germany and Portugal! The bigger the dot, the more important the composition is considered in literature. Concentration of dots is due to the publishers of music in those cities like Paris, Rome, London and Amsterdam. Additional information and corrections about the facts presented will be appreciated.

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